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spinach plant growing

Spinach is a cool-weather crop, which can be planted in early spring and again in fall. To germinate and grow properly, the crop needs six weeks of cool temperatures before harvest.

Spinach thrives in cool, moist soil that drains slowly. Additionally, it needs good air circulation for maximum growth.


Growing spinach is an efficient and convenient way to add a fresh vegetable variety to your garden. Not only does it make delicious salads, but you can also cook or wilt it in soups and stews for added nutrition.

Start spinach seedlings from seeds directly in your garden, or start them indoors before planting out to get an early start on the season. To do so, plant the seeds in a seed-starting tray filled with your favorite soil-free mix and keep the trays lightly moist until the seeds germinate.

When planting spinach seeds in your garden, space them five to 12 inches apart. This distance will ensure sufficient room for your plants to develop roots and establish themselves properly.

Once your spinach plants have two true leaves, thin them out to avoid overcrowding; this can stunt their growth and cause them to bolt or go to seed too soon.

Spinach plants thrive in a variety of soil conditions, from light and sandy to silty clay loams. If your garden soils are heavy, growing spinach in raised beds can improve drainage and reduce damping off.

Before sowing spinach, check your soil pH and adjust if necessary to a healthy range of 6.0 to 6.5. A low pH can cause spinach plants’ leaves and roots to turn yellow and become unresponsive.

To prevent fungal diseases like downy mildew on your spinach plants, space them evenly and water them in the morning. Watering from below the plants’ base encourages their roots to grow and absorb moisture better.

For year-round spinach production, sow the seeds every three or four weeks in your garden. Regularly fertilize with liquid plant food or seaweed-based fertilizers for best results.

Once the spinach plants reach a height of six inches, mulch the crop with a light layer of hay or grass clippings to suppress weeds and retain moisture. This will make harvesting much simpler.


Transplanting spinach is an efficient and straightforward way to increase your harvest. However, it’s essential that you understand when to plant this vegetable for best results; usually, early spring and fall are ideal times for growing spinach.

To guarantee successful transplanting, prepare the soil by mixing in some compost. Then, plant each seedling about 3 inches apart in a single row, providing them with plenty of room to expand their roots.

Once the seedlings reach a height of two to two and a half inches, thin them out so each is about 4-6 feet apart. This will promote proper development and lessen the plant’s vulnerability to diseases and pests.

As your young plants mature, be sure to regularly water them to retain moisture and prevent leaf scorch. Additionally, mulching the young plants helps keep the soil moist and discourages weed growth.

Spinach thrives best when the weather is cool and dry. High summer temperatures can cause the leaves to bolt, leading to bitter or off-flavors; therefore, planting spinach at the correct time of year is key for its successful cultivation.

When planting spinach seeds, the packet will provide specific instructions for spacing and thinning the plants. Neglecting to do so can result in stunted growth and premature bolting.

When the weather is cold, cover your plant during the night to protect it from frost damage. After it warms up in the daytime, remove the cover to let in light and air circulation.

It is wise to add organic fertilizer into the soil when planting spinach, particularly if you plan on growing a lot of it. Doing so can promote rapid growth and prevent nutrient deficiencies.

Before planting, prepare the garden area by amending the soil with rich compost or aged manure. Next, add a dose of high-nitrogen fertilizer like 21-0-0 type.

Finally, water the plants to maintain soil moisture and promote germination. When the cotyledons (seed leaves) appear, move the soil around them to keep it consistently moist.

Once your plant has developed a robust set of outer leaves, it’s ready for harvesting. You can either take all the leaves or just their outermost layer.


Spinach is an ever-expanding vegetable, so it must be pruned regularly. Doing this helps the plant continue to produce new leaves while keeping it healthy and vigorous.

Pruning is essential to protect the spinach from pests and diseases. This involves taking away diseased leaves and trimming away sick ones before they turn yellow or brown.

Some of the most prevalent spinach issues include downy mildew, white rust and mosaic virus. Although these conditions are difficult to eradicate, copper fungicide can help keep them at bay. If you notice mildew developing on one plant, pull it before spreading to other spinach plants in your garden.

In addition to watering and weed control, spinach requires regular fertilization. Mix a high-nitrogen fertilizer into the soil at planting or after thinning for healthy leaf growth; apply it at least once a week according to label instructions.

Mulch around your spinach plant helps conserve soil moisture and inhibit weed growth. It also cools the soil and enhances air circulation – both of which are crucial for plant health.

Maintain an even, moist climate around your plants at all times – but never waterlogged. Use a moisture gauge to monitor soil moisture levels and water when the top layer feels dry.

Once your spinach has grown to about one foot tall and developed a main stem that runs up the center of the plant, it’s ready to bolt. Bolting usually indicates that your plant has reached the end of its productive life cycle but could occur for various reasons.

When spinach is bolting, its leaves will grow thicker and wider than the rest of the plant. These leaves become bitter, so they should be harvested before going bad.

To successfully remove bolting spinach, locate a stem with strong roots and gently pull it out of the ground. Afterward, transplant it in an excellent potting mix and water it regularly to maintain healthy roots.

When spinach leaves start to turn yellow or pale, it is often due to inadequate watering, temperature swings, or nutritional deficiencies. If these issues aren’t addressed, the leaves will eventually die. Adding nitrogen-based fertilizer back into the soil can help revive spinach and restore its vibrant green hue.


Spinach plants can be harvested when their outer leaves measure 6 inches long. At this stage, you can pick summer spinach to enjoy as either baby salad greens or larger mature leaves.

Alternatively, you can harvest the entire plant and leave it to continue growing to produce new foliage as needed. This technique, also known as ‘cut and come again’ harvesting, takes more time than leaf-by-leaf but is much more sustainable and helps promote new growth for future crops.

To harvest successfully, only take a small amount of spinach at once. With too much taken out at once, the plant won’t have enough energy to replenish itself through photosynthesis and will become weaker, making it more vulnerable to pests or diseases.

Once you have a large head of fresh spinach, wash it thoroughly to remove any dirt or grime that has built up on its leaves during transit from garden to plate. You can store freshly harvested spinach in the refrigerator for up to one week by washing just before use.

Another method for storing spinach is dehydrating the leaves. You can do this in a food dehydrator or on your stovetop using a low-temperature oven. Alternatively, you could hang dry your spinach leaves to remove moisture and get them ready for use.

To prevent bolting, a problem that causes spinach plants to flower and set seed, you should harvest your crop before it occurs. Bolting usually occurs when temperatures rise early in the season and causes the spinach plant to focus on preparing for flowering and producing seeds rather than continuing to make leaves.

Your spinach quality will begin to decline as the plant devotes all of its resources towards reproduction instead of growing new leaves for you to enjoy. It is critical that you harvest your crop before this occurs, or else you’ll end up with leaves with a bitter taste and tough texture.

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