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direct seeding and transplanting

Direct seeding is an efficient way of planting seeds directly in the garden, taking less time and effort than starting them indoors and transplanting them outdoors.

Direct seeding is an ideal method for many vegetables, flowers and herbs. Plus it allows you to plant multiple times throughout the season for a consistent harvest.

Planting Date

Direct seeding (growing seeds directly in the garden) and transplanting are often the methods of choice for many crops. Depending on the plant and climate, one method may or may not be preferable. It’s essential to know when to direct sow and transplant in order to maximize your yield.

Calculating an ideal planting date requires creating a seed starting and planting calendar for your garden. By using this plan in combination with Table 2, you can decide on an approach that works best in your region and for the vegetables you wish to grow.

Create a calendar and mark out the dates you plan to start seeds indoors, transplant them outdoors and direct sow your desired seeds in the ground. A few weeks before and after each of those dates, place a soil probe thermometer in your soil to test its temperature.

Temperature can determine whether or not the soil is warm enough for successful seed germination. If it’s too cold, chances are good that they won’t sprout at all.

In addition to a well-thought out seed starting and planting schedule, you’ll require the appropriate amount of sunlight, water, fertilizer, and other resources. Finally, clear growing space is essential; keep weeds and rocks out as these will compete with your plants and choke them out before they even get started. Label or stake your rows for easy reference later on.

Soil Preparation

Direct seed and transplanting seeds successfully requires proper soil preparation. This involves loosening the soil to a depth of six inches and adding organic amendments like compost, manure and peat moss. These amendments will improve its structure, nutrient content and water-holding capacity as well as help maintain an even pH level.

Once your soil is ready, it’s time to sow your seeds. Before doing so, ensure it is free of weeds and debris. Rake away any irregularities with a rake, working the soil deeply while maintaining natural layers – topsoil on top followed by subsoil below.

Depending on the crop you plant, you may require soil amendments like compost and sphagnum peat moss. Conducting a soil test before sowing will allow you to determine which kinds of amendments are needed for success.

Some crops, such as carrots, parsnips and radishes, should be planted directly into the garden. On the other hand, others like beans, corn, squash, melons and cucumbers require root systems which are more sensitive to transplant stress or damage when transplanted.

Transplant shock is a common issue when starting plants from seeds. When the roots of the plant are disturbed, it can cause serious damage and delay in germination.

To avoid transplant shock, it’s best to start seeds indoors or purchase them from a nursery. If you choose to sow outdoors, make sure the soil is prepared well in advance of the expected frost-free date.

A firm, well-prepared bed will promote seed to soil contact and encourage stronger root development. Furthermore, a smooth surface promotes airflow to the soil – essential for effective germination – for increased efficiency.

Direct seeding and transplanting are two popular methods for adding new plants to your garden. Both require some preparation before planting, with transplanting being more involved. Regardless of which option you select, the results can be worth all the effort when you get what you desire!


Direct seeding is an ideal method for growing vegetables and flowers in a garden, especially those that germinate quickly. You can use this technique with things like radishes, beans, peas, beets, and turnips.

Transplanting is the primary method for growing your own plants. It involves starting seeds indoors in trays and then transplanting them outdoors when large enough for outdoor growth. While more complex than direct seeding, transplanting may be the best choice for some types of vegetables or flowers such as cool season crops that require warm soil conditions to thrive, as well as frost-sensitive summer varieties.

When transplanting vegetables, the initial step is selecting an ideal location for your garden or container. Ultimately, this decision should be based on the type of vegetable being planted, when it’s best to plant it, and personal preferences.

Once you’ve selected an ideal location, prepare the soil with organic fertilizer. This will supply essential nutrients so your seedlings can grow strong and healthy.

For instance, using Jobe’s Organics Fast Start Granular liquid organic fertilizer can give your young seedlings an extra push and ensure they receive adequate water during germination.

Furthermore, it will promote the formation of a healthy root system. This makes your vegetable plants stronger and more resistant to weather conditions like frost, cold, drought, and weed competition.

When weather conditions are harsh, you might want to consider using row covers for protection. Doing so can prevent your crops from getting blown around by wind which could weaken their stems and leaves.

As with direct sowing, ensure to water your new transplants regularly until they become established. Consistency with moisture is essential as small seedlings will die if left dry.

It’s essential to remember that some seeds require a cold/moist period in order to germinate, so be sure to follow the germination instructions on your packet. If using surface-sown seeds, cover them with a board until they sprout.


Transplanting and direct seeding are planting methods that involve sowing seeds or transplanting seedlings in a field or garden. The main distinction between them is that direct seeding takes place directly in the garden, while transplanting requires growing the seeds inside greenhouses before being planted outdoors. Furthermore, plants sown directly in the field mature faster than those raised from seeds grown inside a greenhouse or nursery.

Transplanted plants must be well-established and have at least three or four true leaves (cotyledons). When transplanting, the initial leaves that appear are typically cotyledons – thicker and harder than mature foliage of a plant. To ensure successful transplanting, keep these babies watered and fertilized until their true leaves develop.

To prepare the area for transplanting, eliminate any weeds or large rocks or clumps and make sure the soil is free of contaminants. Then sow seeds according to their directions on the packet and gently press them into the soil.

When planting your seeds, check them frequently for signs of germination. If none appear, this could indicate either the packet has a low germination rate or that your plants have been exposed to pests and disease. Inspect the roots and leaves of transplanted plants for any signs of disease or wilting, curled or spotted leaves to determine whether they have it or not.

Additionally, look for plants with healthy leaves that aren’t wilted, curled or spotted. These may be in need of attention due to a disease or other issue and need to be relocated in order not to damage the rest of your garden.

Starters for your garden can usually be found at local nurseries or garden centers, though these may not always have the highest quality available in your area. Be aware that these items may come at a hefty cost; expect to spend anywhere from $1-6 per plant depending on its size.

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